Denim Fabric Types: A Comprehensive Guide for Clothing Brands and Fashion Enthusiasts
By: Jack & Jeans
December 06, 2022
Denim is a popular fabric that has been a staple in the fashion industry for decades. There are many different types of denim fabrics available, each with its own unique qualities and characteristics. We will explore the various types of denim fabrics and provide examples of clothing brands that use each type.
Raw denim, also known as dry or unwashed denim, is a type of denim fabric that has not been pre-washed or treated in any way. This fabric is known for its stiff and rigid texture and often comes in dark blue or indigo shades. Raw denim is preferred by those who want to create a personalized fading effect on their jeans over time.
Some popular brands that specialize in raw denim include Nudie Jeans, Naked & Famous, and A.P.C. Nudie Jeans is a Swedish denim brand that offers a range of raw denim jeans for both men and women. The brand is known for their commitment to sustainability and ethical production practices. Naked & Famous is a Canadian brand that specializes in raw denim, and they offer a range of unique and unconventional washes, including a glow-in-the-dark option. A.P.C. is a French brand that is known for their minimalist style and high-quality raw denim jeans.
Selvedge denim is a popular and high-quality fabric that has been used in the manufacture of denim jeans for decades. It is produced on traditional shuttle looms, which weave the fabric using a continuous thread. As a result, selvedge denim has a unique edge finish that is self-finished, with a clean and tight edge that does not fray.
Selvedge denim is known for its durability and is often used in high-end jeans due to its quality. This fabric is usually heavier and has a tighter weave than regular denim, making it more resistant to wear and tear. It also tends to have a more consistent color and texture, which gives it a unique character and style.
Examples of clothing brands that use selvedge denim include Naked & Famous, 3sixteen, and Rogue Territory. 3sixteen, a New York-based brand, is known for its use of American selvedge denim and for creating jeans with a unique and distinctive character. Rogue Territory is a California-based brand that uses Japanese and American selvedge denim to create high-quality and stylish jeans.
Selvedge denim is a popular choice among denim enthusiasts who appreciate its unique edge finish and high-quality construction. Its durability and character make it a great choice for those who want a long-lasting and stylish pair of jeans.
Stretch denim is a type of denim fabric that is blended with synthetic fibers such as elastane or spandex to give it some elasticity. This fabric is often used in skinny or slim-fit jeans, as it allows for more flexibility and movement.
Brands that use stretch denim include Levi's, American Eagle, and 7 For All Mankind. Levi's is one of the most well-known denim brands in the world, and they offer a range of stretch denim jeans for both men and women. American Eagle is a popular brand that offers a range of denim styles, including their popular "jeggings," which are made with stretch denim. 7 For All Mankind is a high-end denim brand that is known for their innovative fabrics and high-quality construction.
Acid-washed denim is a popular fabric choice for those who want a vintage or worn-out look in their jeans or jackets. The acid-washing process involves treating the denim with chlorine or other chemicals to create a faded, distressed look. The resulting fabric has a mottled appearance, with lighter and darker areas, and a slightly rough texture.
One of the advantages of acid-washed denim is that it is highly customizable. The degree of fading and distressing can be adjusted by altering the chemicals used and the duration of the treatment. As a result, different brands can create their own unique look using this fabric.
Examples of clothing brands that use acid-washed denim include Topshop, Zara, and H&M. Topshop, a British fashion retailer, offers a range of acid-washed denim styles, from high-waisted skinny jeans to oversized jackets. Zara, a Spanish fashion brand, is known for its edgy and contemporary designs and offers a variety of acid-washed denim pieces, such as oversized shirts and frayed-hem jeans. H&M, a Swedish multinational retail company, offers a range of acid-washed denim options, from distressed skinny jeans to denim jackets.
Overall, acid-washed denim is a great fabric choice for those who want a vintage or distressed look in their clothing. With its customizable nature and popularity among fashion brands, it is likely to remain a popular fabric choice for years to come.
Chambray is a plain-weave fabric that is woven with a colored yarn in the warp and a white yarn in the weft. It is similar in appearance to denim, but it has a lighter weight and a softer texture, making it a comfortable and versatile fabric.
Chambray was originally made in the French town of Cambrai in the 16th century and was used primarily for workwear. However, in recent years, chambray has become a popular fabric for casual and dress shirts, as well as dresses, skirts, and even lightweight jackets.
One of the most well-known brands that uses chambray is Madewell. Madewell's chambray shirts are known for their quality and style, and they come in a range of fits and washes. J.Crew is another brand that uses chambray in their clothing, particularly in their women's collection. J.Crew's chambray shirts are a staple in their collection, and they are often styled with other denim pieces, such as jeans or jackets. Abercrombie & Fitch is also known for their chambray shirts, which come in a variety of colors and fits.
Colored denim is a versatile fabric that has become increasingly popular in recent years. Unlike traditional denim, which is typically blue, colored denim can be found in a range of shades and hues, from bright pastels to deep jewel tones. This fabric is often used in fashion-forward jeans, jackets, and skirts.
One of the benefits of colored denim is that it allows for more creativity in fashion design. With a range of colors to choose from, designers can create unique and eye-catching pieces. Colored denim can also be combined with traditional denim to create interesting and unconventional outfits.
Examples of clothing brands that use colored denim include Citizens of Humanity, G-Star Raw, and DL1961. Citizens of Humanity, a Los Angeles-based brand, offers a range of colored denim styles, from classic skinny jeans to cropped flares. G-Star Raw, a Dutch fashion brand, is known for its innovative designs and offers a variety of colored denim options, including distressed denim shorts and utility jackets. DL1961, a premium denim brand, offers a range of colored denim options, from pastel pink to deep burgundy.
Colored denim is a great fabric choice for those looking to add a pop of color to their wardrobe. With its versatility and popularity among fashion brands, it is likely to remain a popular fabric choice for years to come.
In conclusion, denim fabric has come a long way since its humble beginnings as workwear. Today, it has become a popular choice among fashion enthusiasts, with a variety of types available to suit different styles and preferences. Each type of denim fabric has its own unique properties and features that make it suitable for a particular type of garment. It is important to understand the different types of denim fabrics available to make an informed choice when selecting a fabric for your clothing project.
Chambray, acid-washed, colored, and selvedge denim are just a few examples of the many types of denim fabrics available in the market. Clothing brands use these fabrics to create a variety of styles, ranging from vintage to contemporary. Some brands specialize in using one particular type of denim fabric to create their signature look, while others experiment with different types to create a unique style.
Understanding the differences between these denim fabrics can help you choose the right fabric for your project. For instance, chambray is a lightweight and soft fabric that is perfect for creating comfortable and stylish shirts and blouses. Acid-washed denim is ideal for creating a vintage, worn-out look in jeans and jackets, while colored denim adds a fashion-forward twist to any outfit. Selvedge denim is a high-quality, durable fabric that is perfect for creating long-lasting and stylish jeans.
Overall, denim fabric is a versatile and popular choice for clothing manufacturing, with a wide range of options available to suit any style and preference. With the right understanding and knowledge of the different types of denim fabrics available, you can create stylish and comfortable clothing that will stand the test of time.